Photo: Jodi Stark

Fisheries and aquaculture

The fishing industry has the largest ecological interaction with Canada’s oceans and lakes, so it’s important to ensure it is sustainable.


Canada has some of the world’s most and the world’s least sustainable fisheries, even though they are managed under the same federal laws. Despite significant advances over the past two decades, challenges remain. Determining how much of the oceans’ productivity can be taken by fisheries without compromising marine life and ecosystems is a formidable task.

Since the Foundation’s beginning, we have supported reforms to make fisheries sustainable on all of Canada’s oceans and in freshwater rivers and lakes. We work with people throughout the seafood supply chain, including fishing organizations, grocery retailers and consumers. We influence laws and policies around Canadian fisheries and sustainable seafood certification. Our scientists sit on government advisory committees that oversee fisheries management.

As a member of SeaChoice, we are demanding improvements to seafood labelling and traceability requirements in Canada. We want to prevent seafood fraud and better understand seafood imports and exports to support sustainable food systems. We’re engaging citizen scientists to help us.

Where we are now

Since the dramatic crash of North Atlantic cod in the early 1990s, Canada is better managing fisheries locally, but not across the country. The Fisheries Act is being modernized, fish stock assessments are improving and marine protected areas are being integrated into fisheries management.

Fishy facts


The U.S. and E.U. have better seafood labelling and traceability requirements than Canada.


Canadian exports of seafood bring in $6.6 billion annually.


72,000 Canadians make their living directly from fishing and fishing-related activities.


We work to limit the harmful impacts of open-net-pen fish farms on wild Pacific salmon. Science supports our view that there are significant concerns about the transmission of pathogens and parasites from farmed to wild salmon. Because the science is not conclusive, we support following a precautionary approach to minimize risks to wild salmon.

Where we are now

Our scientists sit on government committees and are asking for the industry to make its data on fish health and chemical use publicly available. We monitor international certifications that assess whether or not farms operate responsibly. We advocate that farms in areas near wild juvenile salmon migrations should be moved or transitioned to land-based operations. We support Indigenous rights and title and the nations’ right to say no to these activities on their lands and waters.

Facts on farms


Sea lice outbreaks on farms in the Broughton Archipelago in 2015 led to a 23 per cent loss of pink salmon.


A single salmon farm can be the size of four football fields.

Support SeaChoice

SeaChoice has a new direction. Visit the website to find out more about our initiatives to hold the supply chain accountable.

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