Northern Exposure: Acute Pesticide Poisonings in Canada
Northern Exposure counts the thousands of Canadians who have suffered from acute poisoning from pesticides. The report is a wake-up call to federal and provincial governments to take action to protect Canadians from the dangers of pesticides. Pesticides are among the most widely used chemicals in the world. More than 6,000 Canadians are acutely poisoned by pesticides each year, resulting in calls to poison control centres, visits to emergency wards and hospitalizations. These severe poisonings occur after exposure to only a single dose of pesticide — through inhalation, eating, drinking or direct contact with eyes or skin, and produce acute health effects such as irritation and/or damage to the eyes, skin, gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, liver, kidneys and blood.
Despite these findings, the federal government still fails to monitor exposure to pesticides and these resulting health effects. In an effort to bridge this information gap, Northern Exposure offers a series of recommendations that propose real, workable solutions to reduce the risks of pesticide poisoning in Canada. This report, published in June 2007, complements the The Food We Eat, a comparative study of international pesticide regulations published in October 2006.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY — Northern Exposure: Acute Pesticide Poisonings in Canada
Pesticides are among the most widely used chemicals in the world. More than 6,000 Canadians are acutely poisoned by pesticides each year. This report is a wake-up call to federal and provincial governments to take action to protect Canadians from the dangers of pesticides.
Prescription for a Healthy Canada: Towards a National Environmental Health Strategy
This report examines key environmental health issues in Canada, assesses shortcomings in Canadian environmental policy in these areas and considers innovative approaches in other jurisdictions.
The Water We Drink: An International Comparison of Drinking Water Standards and Guidelines
This report compares Canada's water quality guidelines with corresponding frameworks in the U.S., the European Union and Australia, as well as guidelines recommended by the World Health Organization.
The Food We Eat: An International Comparison of Pesticide Regulations
Comparing Canada's pesticide regulations with similar standards in the United States, Europe and Australia, this report presents compelling evidence that Canadian regulations are among the weakest in the industrialized world when it comes to governing the use of pesticides and the potential impact of pesticides on food and health.
The Air We Breathe: An International Comparison of Air Quality Standards and Guidelines
This report finds that Canada provides weaker protection for human health from air pollution than the United States, Australia and the European Union, as well as the recommendations published by the World Health Organization.