What may seem like a small contribution — a tiny flowerpot or garden patch of native wildflowers — can provide valuable habitat for pollinators such as hummingbirds, bees and butterflies.
Native wildflowers are adapted to local climate and soils and require less care and watering once established. They provide sugar-filled nectar and protein-rich pollen for beneficial insects such as local butterflies and wild bees. Always try to find local sources for native plants.
Pollinators of Atlantic Canada
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All pollinators have a vital, often-overlooked role in our economy. By pollinating many crops humans consume and trade, they’re essential to our food security. Scientists estimate that approximately 75 per cent of the world’s flowering plants and 35 per cent of global food crops depend on animal pollinators to produce.
In Canada’s Atlantic provinces (New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island) pollinators sustain vegetables, field crops such as alfalfa, and fruit yields such as blueberries and apples. In fact, bees are the provinces’ most important pollinators, with solitary ground-dwelling native bees like sweat bees, leafcutter bees and mining bees doing the bulk of the work. Check your frozen french fries for P.E.I. potatoes and thank a ground-dwelling bee!
To thrive, pollinators need food and shelter. Help them support you — create a pollinator paradise!
Find your ecoregion’s native plants and wildflowers
Planting native plants and wildflowers supports local pollinators that have evolved to depend on those species for food and habitat.
Source native seeds and plants
Seeds can be organic (grown without synthetic fertilizers and pesticides), non-GMO (cultivated through pollination, not in a lab), open-pollinated (by nature e.g., insects, birds, wind, humans), heirloom (with an open-pollinated heritage) and rare. Look for native plants in local nurseries!
Start a pollinator paradise
A manicured lawn is not pollinator-friendly. But a yard, community garden, patio or window box filled with native plants can be a pollinator paradise.
Why choose native plants and wildflowers?
Native plants and wildflowers have evolved in this climate for generations. By creating a naturescape (native plant garden), you’ll help solve pollinator habitat loss. By avoiding expensive fertilizers and toxic pesticides, you’ll save time and money.
Native wildflowers and plants of Atlantic Canada
Atlantic Canada has magnificent wildflowers and plants, some only found in this region. For example, the pink ladyslipper (Cypripedium acaule) is a rare and protected native wildflower species found in the Acadian forests of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. It’s known for its unusual reproductive strategy, which involves attracting and “tricking” bees into pollination.
Native wildflower and plants found in Atlantic Canada include:
- Canada goldenrod
- Joe pye weed
- New England aster
- Swamp milkweed
… and more!
Want to take another step?
Determine which ecoregion you live in and plant native wildflowers and plants specific to that area. Each ecoregion has unique ecological characteristics and, though many plants and wildflowers are native to multiple ecoregions, you may discover one that only grows where you live!
What’s an ecozone or ecoregion?
Canada has 20 ecozones (15 terrestrial and five marine) based on differences in climate, geology, landforms, vegetation and wildlife. They help identify and manage unique ecological regions.
Within each ecozone are ecoregions defined by a characteristic range and pattern in climatic variables.
Canada’s Atlantic coastal region has two terrestrial ecozones, the Atlantic Maritime and Boreal Shield, which contain several ecoregions.
We don’t have planting guides for each ecoregion, only for the most densely populated areas. For more resources and plant lists visit Pollinator Partnership Canada.
POLLINATOR PLANTING GUIDES FOR ATLANTIC CANADA
New Brunswick ecoregion covers the entire province. It’s characterized by warm, moist summers and cold, snowy winters. It’s a region with predominantly coniferous forests and scattered wetlands. This region includes Fredericton, Moncton and Saint John.Download the planting guide
NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDS
The Nova Scotia Highlands ecoregion is a complex band of plateaus separated by uplands and lowlands that stretch across the province’s north. Most of the ecoregion is used by forestry. This region includes Antigonish, Glace Bay and Sydney.Download the planting guide
SOUTH-CENTRAL NOVA SCOTIA UPLANDS
The South-Central Nova Scotia Uplands ecoregion is one of the most humid areas of the Maritime provinces. This region includes Dartmouth and Halifax.Download the planting guide
SOUTHWEST NOVA SCOTIA UPLANDS
The Southwest Nova Scotia Uplands ecoregion covers most of the southwestern portion of mainland Nova Scotia. It’s a mixed wood forest region with extensive wetlands and rock barrens. This region includes Bridgewater and Yarmouth.Download the planting guide