EXECUTIVE SUMMARY — Sacred Cedar: The Cultural and Archaeological Significance of Culturally Modified Trees: A Report of the Pacific Forests Salmon Project
David Suzuki Foundation
Authored by: Arnoud H. Stryd, Vicki Feddema
Biodiversity, Environmental rights British Columbia, forests, Indigenous Peoples, community and culture, conservation, land use, Pacific Salmon Forests Project
Thousands of years before Europeans first glimpsed the rainforests of British Columbia’s coast, Aboriginal Peoples were cutting and using the land’s giant trees for shelter, transportation and ceremony. Today, some of these trees still bear the scars of aboriginal forestry practices. They are known as culturally modified trees (CMTs).
Found largely in old growth cedar stands, CMTs are of great cultural and spiritual importance and provide anthropologists and archaeologists with valuable insight on traditional forest use. At one time these trees could be found all along the coast. Unfortunately, logging and human encroachment have destroyed most sites, making those that remain even more valuable.
This is the executive summary to Arnoud Stryd and Vicki Feddema’s report that points out that protecting these treasures has and will change modern forestry practices.
Sacred Cedar: The Cultural and Archaeological Significance of Culturally Modified Trees: A Report of the Pacific Salmon Forests Project
Ancient culturally modified trees (CMTs) are archaeological testaments to Indigenous logging practices and forest use. Found primarily in old-growth cedar stands along the coast of British Columbia, these trees have great cultural, spiritual and anthropological importance.
Kitkatla: People of Saltwater: A Report of the Pacific Salmon Forests Project
Kitkatla is considered one of the oldest, continually occupied human settlements on North America's coast; a place where people have lived for thousands of years, drawing sustenance from the riches of the ocean and land.
Last Call: The Will to Save Pacific Salmon: A Report of the Pacific Salmon Forests Project
Time is running out to protect Pacific salmon stocks. Governments must set aside their differences and orient fisheries policy and practices as well as land use planning to conserve wild salmon. A new commitment is needed to ensure that salmon remain a part of British Columbia's coastal ecology, culture and economy.
Nemiah: Home of the Xeni Gwet’in: Pacific Salmon Forests Project
This Pacific Salmon Forests Project report from Richard Littlemore and the David Suzuki Foundation focusses on an area called Nemiah, 200 km northwest of Vancouver.
Set Adrift: The Plight of British Columbia’s Fishing Communities: Pacific Salmon Forest Project
In light of the declining salmon populations of coastal B.C., this publication focuses on the value of community-based fisheries. This report argues that conservation of fisheries is best accomplished when the responsibilities for stewardship rest in the fishing communities which are dependent on the resource.